Motivation can be defined as the result of processes, internal or external to the individual , that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action. Motivation is a reason or incentive to achieve something (goal) or also the interest in or enthusiasm to make the effort to achieve something.
The biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces are the major factors which affects on behavior and intensity of motivation.
Definitions of Motivation
” Motivation is the processes that accounts for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of efforts towards attaining a goal.”
– Stephen P. Robbins
“Motivation is the result of processes, internal or external to the individual, that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action”.
” Motivation is Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job, role, or subject, and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal.”
Meaning of Motivation
It is the driven force which will initiate the employee to work up to their efficient level. It is generally assumed that well motivated employees will perform better than that of other employees. It is the process of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals.
Examples: success, recognition ,job-satisfaction , team work, etc…
Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to act towards a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal-directed behaviours. It can be considered as a driving force; a psychological one that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal.
For example:- hunger is a motivation that elicits a desire to eat.
Nature of Motivation
1. Unending Process
2. Psychological Concept
3. The whole individual is motivated
4. Goals are Motivators
5. Frustated man cannot motivated
Framework of Motivation – 6 Steps
1. Identifies Needs
2. Searches for ways to Satisfy needs
3. Engage in goal directed behaviour
5. Receives either rewards or punishments
6. Reassesses needs deficiencies
Motivation results from the interactions among conscious and unconscious factors such as the
(1) intensity of desire or need,
(2) incentive or reward value of the goal, and
(3) expectations of the individual and of his or her significant others.
Organizational Behaviour, Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy Judge, Twelfth Edition, PHI Publication India