The Social Cognitive Theory is a framework which will give a base to understand the human behaviour. The social cognitive Framework in Organisational Behaviour states that the person and the external situations are interdependence with each other along with the behaviour itself to determine the behaviour. It means that along with cognitive and external situation the experiences faced through relevant past events determines what a person becomes and this will create an impact in subsequent behaviour.
The person and the environmental situation do not function as independent units but, in conjunction with behavior itself, reciprocally interact to determine behavior. It means that cognitive variables and environmental variables are relevant, but the experiences generated by previous behavior also partly determine what a person becomes and can do, which, in turn, affects subsequently behavior.
Bandura developed social learning theory into the more comprehensive social cognitive theory (SCT). Stajkovic and Luthans have translated this SCT into the theoretical framework for organizational behavior.
Bandura identified five basic human capabilities as a part of SCT.
1. Symbolizing: People process visual experiences into cognitive models. They help in future action.
2. Forethought: Employees plan their actions.
3. Observational: Employees learn by observing the performance of the referent group (peers, supervisors and high performers) and the consequences of their actions.
4. Self-regulatory: Employees self regulate their actions by setting internal standards (aspired level of performance).
5. Self-reflective: Employees reflect back on their actions (how did I do?) and perceptually determine how they believe then can successfully accomplish the task in the future given the context (probability of success between 0 to 100% is estimated)